Rum is a spirit type of alcoholic beverage that is made using fermented sugarcane juice. This type of alcoholic beverage has often been associated with pirates, merchants, and slave traders that sailed across the Caribbean.
Rums of past have potent smell and taste which was not appealing for many. These days, through premium production lines, the strong taste and smell, and the fiery finish of rum have all on most parts been removed. These days, you will find a lot of rum distillers on all corners of the planet. It has been estimated there are nearly 1,500 varieties of rum. Still, some of the best rum comes from where the drink originated – the Caribbean.
There are many factors that can make rum different. This includes color, viscosity, taste, and quality. The reason behind this difference comes from the fermenting process, the material used, the yeast used, the water used, the spices used, the additives used, the type of sugarcane used, and the aging process all contributes in creating differences between rums from all over the world.
Rum is made initially from the harvesting of sugarcanes. Sugarcanes are then crushed to extract their juices. The pulp from the extracting of sugarcane juice is then dried up to be used in the heating of the distilling tanks. The nectar of sugarcanes is then fermented to make it alcoholic. The fermenting process differs with each distiller as there are different variation that can be involved within this process. Nevertheless, the main process of fermenting is to convert the sugars within the sugarcane nectar into alcohol.
Under strict laboratory conditions, the nectar coming from the sugarcane gets fermented to become alcoholic. This alcoholic brew then gets distilled in order to produce the spirit. This alcoholic spirit is about 70-95 percent alcohol and is too potent to drink. The distillate is then stored in wooden barrels to be aged. This helps alter some of the characteristics of the distillate.
Depending on the distiller, they may add some fruits, herbs, and spices during aging to create that unique product that is theirs. Once the rum has been fully aged, distilled water is added to the alcohol to dilute it before it is sent to the manufacturing line for bottling. There are some rum though that do not undergo aging as they are diluted and sent off to the distribution process immediately after distilling. Essentially, these rums are sold fresh the day with which they are made.